Friday, March 13, 2020
Industrial Revolution in Western Europe Essay Example Industrial Revolution in Western Europe Essay Industrial Revolution in Western Europe Essay The eighteenth century witnessed the arrival of widespread industrialisation in Western Europe. Many countries underwent the gradual transition from a predominantly agrarian society to industrial development on an extensive scale and the introduction of the modern factory system. Great Britain was thefirst European country to experience this profound economic and social transformation and it can be labelled the innovator to the process of industrialisation, the stimulus to development. Why was Britain at the forefront of the progression to advanced society David Landes (1969) states that there was a, piling up of various factors which triggered off a chain reaction. It is indicated that Britain, in this period of time, was propitious for invention and expansion due to a number of determinants, such as, agricultural circumstances, population growth and hence availability of labour, capital and raw materials, improvements in transport, growth in overseas trade, willingness of capitalists to invest, non-conformists, its political system and the recently studied phenomena of proto-industrialisation. By no means is there an order of importance, as each and every one of these factors contributed to Britains ability and facility to industrialise there existed a fertile soil in which the seed of industrialisation could grow. English agriculture between the late seventeenth century and mid-nineteenth century is commonly regarded as a huge success with respect to the economy as a whole. Some believe that agriculture should be sufficiently developed so that there is a release in labour and resources for modern industry to transpire. Others believe that a revolution in farming techniques is an essential prerequisite to the modernisation of manufacturing and transport industries.
Tuesday, February 25, 2020
U.S History 1 - Essay Example After ColumbusÃ¢â¬â¢ discovery of the New World, the entry of the wide variety of globally acclaimed luxury commodities in the European markets through the sea route stopped the earlier market of the luxury goods that was prevailing. The pre-existing German and Italian trading powers were ousted by the Atlantic trade. There had been social changes in the European luxury markets as the new luxury items like chinaware, silk, spices and sugar made their entry. During the Age of Discovery, Western Europe has been had become the Economic Center for the European Union shifting from the Mediterranean. At that time the city of Antwerp, which was a part of Duchy of Barabant, was considered to be EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s richest city and also center of the international economy. During the Age of Discovery, the religious sentiments, gave rise to the discoveries at this age. It was seen that while the Islamic community was expanding its horizon, the Western Christendom was getting destroyed. European Union became vulnerable and they feared to be attacked by infidel East. It was also agreed and known by the Europeans that the Far East was highly rich and luxurious. If we take a deeper look into these discoveries, we find the similarities with the Crusaders prevailed during the 12th and 13th centuries. The main effort in spreading the belief of Christianity among the New World residents was mainly started by the Catholic Church during the Age of Discovery. The Catholic Church also took the initiative of converting the indigenous people as well as the Native Americans. Portugal, France and Spain were the three countries that put the colonial efforts in forming the European powers, majority of which was the missionary effort and gave a partial justification for the same. Catholic nationsÃ¢â¬â¢ colonial efforts and indigenous peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Christian Mission ran in parallel. Moreover, Dominicans, Jesuits, Franciscans
Sunday, February 9, 2020
Social learning theories - Essay Example At the time when populations were expansively diffused, the implications of any particular aggressive act were primarily restricted to individuals whom the act was aimed at. Under circumstances of modernised life, in which the wellbeing of groups of inhabitants depends upon harmonious functioning of complex mutually supporting systems, aggressive behaviour that can be effortlessly carried out without demanding complicated mechanism immediately damages enormous numbers of people (Geen, 2001). Interest over the destructive implications of aggression confuses the reality that such behaviour normally has purposeful importance for the user. Certainly, there is a characteristic distinct to aggression that commonly generates circumstances cultivating its incidence. Dissimilar to social behaviours that are not useful without a degree of reciprocity satisfactory to the partakers, aggression does not necessitate eager receptiveness from others for its effectiveness (Moeller, 2001). An individual can harm and destroy to self-benefit despite of whether the victim agrees to it or not. Through destructive behaviour, or authority through verbal and physical coercion, individuals can gain important resources, modify rules to suit their personal desires, acquire power over and haul out compliableness from others, get rid of circumstances that negatively influence their wellbeing, and break down barriers that hamper or interrupt realisation of desired objectives. Hence, actions that are harsh for the victim can be gratifying for the one committing the aggressive act. Though aggression has several various roots its practical value certainly contributes greatly to the occurrence of such behaviour in the dealings of everyday existence (Moeller, 2001). Throughout the years several theories have been suggested to clarify why individuals act
Saturday, February 8, 2020
College Essay Topics, You Can Choose FromWriting a college essay can be both challenging and rewarding. Many students have difficulty writing a good essay on their own. With a variety of college-essay topics to choose from, you should be able to find one that is right for you. Here are the top college essay topics to help you get started.One of the most common topics to write about is life. If you are going to talk about your life or how you came to be in college, this is an excellent topic to begin with. Life isn't just about what happened to you, but also where you got to be as well. Write about where you are now and how you learned from your experiences.A second popular topic to consider when writing a college essay is your profession. It is always good to have a career in mind when writing a college essay. If you have plans of going into law or medical school, then you should already have a few topics ready for you to start.Many college essay topics also focus on the future of th e student. In today's world, most jobs have many levels of advancement. There are more things to learn and be successful at than ever before.For those topics where you don't have any topic ideas, consider what your strengths and weaknesses are. What things you do best? What makes you different? This will help you write a great essay.The third option when choosing your college essay topics is your personal experience. If you have had a certain experience that you would like to talk about, it is likely that it will show up in the questions you will ask. That is why writing a college essay can be so rewarding.Writing a college essay can be both challenging and rewarding. Whether you choose to write a single topic or write multiple essays, you will want to choose one that will be challenging and enjoyable. Choose something that you love and something that you think will be interesting to read. That will help you write a great essay and get you ahead of the competition.
Thursday, February 6, 2020
Mythical Answers to Education Research Papers Discovered Following are a few of the suggested sociology essay topic for those students that are unable to decide on a great topic for their assignment. They cannot pick the first idea they see on the web or in the print media it is about choosing good research paper topics on the relevant issues. You can also see resume outline. You could also see chapter outline. Aside from a report outline and a presentation outline, a research paper outline is among the most typical types of outlines you're very likely to encounter in any particular field. By studying various outline samples, you're guaranteed to come up with the ideal research paper outline in virtually no time. When it is argumentative or informative essays, one must develop a topic that may grab the interest of the reader very quickly and this isn't such an easy job. Most issues can have essays on all the aforementioned questions. You should seek out a topic which won't only keep the interest of your readers but maintain your attention as you begin the writing process as you must defend it later on. Start with putting open-ended questions like How or What on paper and then included closed-ended questions that have options which will help the procedure for analysis. Choosing Education Research Papers Getting parents more involved in their kid's education is a significant way to increase student learning. Awful school would need to reform or they'd close down. Folks generally have different identities and loyalties to unique things. Young individuals get on a track that doesn't lead to economic viability for their families. Education Research Papers Secrets Also, It may assist you to have a look at the Research Proposal assignment. Information takes the type of information. Education research paper topics provide education majors a selection of samples about how to compose projects that range from Adult Learning Theories to Early Education Literacy. It may involve a variety of methods. Questioning viewpoint kinds of questions in education are useful in solving such troubles. If you are supposed to compose a dissertation about special education then it is possible to discuss several aspects below the exact subject. Its objective is to boost performance. A number of courses aim at teaching English only for a particular purpose, instead of aiming for fluency for a whole. The Honest to Goodness Truth on Education Research Papers Any quirky topic also plays a very important function to bring some new information for those researchers. With this much research available on any certain topic, research questions must be as clear as possible in order to work in helping the writer direct their research. In the context of a particular research effort, all these questions call for sure skills. Open-ended questions are frequently utilized in qualitative research. Journal articles and other sorts of peer-reviewed sources (for instance, academic conference papers) are the principal venue for empirical research. If you're confused with a number of interesting topics to research on the web, it's far better to choose what interests you the most. Without a suitable content, fantastic research paper topics don't make sense. In this column, you've been given 15 unexplored research paper topics that you must concentrate on. Questions for research are formulated depending on the sort of target audience and kind of research together with the primary purpose of the research. In an increasingly data-driven society, it's crucial that educators understand how to locate, find, and interpret research independently. Research in education can cover a huge variety of topics. Educational researchers may draw upon a number of disciplines. What You Must Know About Education Research Papers You need to reveal the readers that you master of this issue and not a confused newbie who doesn't understand what he or she's speaking about. Getting loyal to one might mean, at times one must forego other. Leading question is a kind of reaerch question that pushes respondents to answer a particular question in a particular manner, depending on the way that they are framed. Many-a-times, leading questions already contain information that survey creator would like to confirm instead of try to obtain a true and an unbiased r eply to that question. It's still true that you have to do the exact thing when it has to do with choosing readily written topics. To help the learner to produce an argument on reasonable thoughts, these kinds of questions ought to be asked. To create such specific questions, it's important to obey a few actions. As an example, questions related to date of birth can be answered by means of the subsequent question.
Wednesday, February 5, 2020
The Unexplained Puzzle Into Worksheets for Writing Informational Essay High School Pdf Discovered Top Choices of Worksheets for Writing Informational Essay High School Pdf You always need to assume they don't have any idea precisely what the organizer tells them. The previous group to have a spot is out. Always work to assign yourselves a strict deadline for each step in such a way in which the deadline for the previous step comes a day or two before the deadline of the entire project so that you've got the opportunity to revise and add anything if needed. Choosing Worksheets for Writing Informational Essay High School Pdf Middle and higher school students may require review, but will probably be prepared to move on to even more elaborate varieties of sentences. They should not have to wear uniforms. They should not have to wear school uniforms because they limit students' ability to express their individuality. They lead busy lives and often forget about an upcoming deadlin e. Learning how to write can be frustrating for a great deal of students. Teachers can opt to implement each one of these lessons or only the ones that address the requirements of their students. History is a subject that's compulsory for students of at virtually every major. There's, naturally, a limit on the range of pages even our very best writers can produce with a pressing deadline, but usually, we can satisfy all the clients seeking urgent assistance. Most writing you will have to do in your professional life will involve a great deal of expository content also. When practicing writing, it's not essential to write about a specific topic or have a crystal clear goal in mind. After gathering evidence and choosing a central claim, students learn to plan their arguments and start drafting. It's possible to use various methods to support your argument. The thesis sentence defines your part in regard to the topic. Any sentence that isn't furthering my thesis is distracting from it and should be taken off. Attempt to introduce a single idea in 1 sentence. Chemistry is a subject which, basically, supplies you with useful information regarding the different substances or forms of materials that compose the physical world around us and the way in which they behave or react with one another. Finding out how to write is the most significant point to learn. The Secret to Worksheets for Writing Informational Essay High School Pdf Quite simply, everything would be dependent upon verifiable fact an expository essay. Select a quote which you like. Pretend that you're going to compose an essay that has the quote as its principal idea. It's defined as the absolute most basic kind of essay. The goal of any expository writing is to reveal the qualities of notions indicated in the subject. There are 3 methods that may be utilised in providing explanation for informative essay. You must find the most suitable resources for your essay together with patience when finding the proper inspiration to write. Though there are systematic ways on composing your very own informative essay, it can be challenging to do. All of the primary points ought to be concisely mentioned in the preview. Therefore, if you'd like to have nontrivial expository essay topic that demands thorough research, choose something which refers to a technological subject of study. It is essential for writers to preview their major points in the specific order that they'll be developed. Attempt to become right to the topic and prevent adding extra points. The 5-Minute Rule for Worksheets for Writing Informational Essay High School Pdf Every day it is possible to learn some new truth about science developments. The source of social problems is not easy to exhaust because new problems intensively show up in the society. To receive a better idea of the kinds of paragraphs you should practice, you must understand what they'll be searching for on the particular test you are going to be taking. You simply have to dig into current social problems of the local community and find the foundation for topics from that point. Par agraph writing worksheets are perfect for third graders. It is a common skill that is tested at every level from elementary forward. The writing worksheets on this page can help you receive all the writing practice that you will need. Teachers will prefer the new holiday writing templates that may be used as essay assignments. Utilizing active voice makes your bit of writing easy to comprehend. Analysis is only the foundation. Primary students might require practice writing basic sentences or employing the right punctuation.
Thursday, January 30, 2020
The Influence of Surfing in Skateboarding Essay Skateboarding began in the year of 1950, when all over California surfers suddenly got the notion that they could try surfing on street, it was partly this reason why no one could really tell who first made or discovered skateboards. There are several assertions that they are the ones who made the very first skateboards however, none of those could really be verified. During these times, skateboarding is considered to be fun, yet it is only second to surfing. Ã¢â¬Å"The first type of skateboards which dates back to early 1900s was actually more like a scooterÃ¢â¬ (Brooke, 16) with the undercarriage made up of roller skate wheels fastened to a two by four, once the push bar of the scoter like apparatus was broken off, it was only then skateboarding came into existence. Around the late 1950s, open-minded Californian surfers began to realize that these-scooter-minus-the-handlebar contraptionsÃ¢â¬ ¦could be used as a kind of alternative to surfingÃ¢â¬ ¦ (Books and Phillips, p.11) Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã It was by the year of 1950 that the surfing fad became very popular. It was only then that people recognized the fact that skateboarding could be almost similar to riding a wave or surfing and this particular association with surfing which gave skateboarding, a course which would affect everything regarding the sport which was just about to come. This includes a series of maneuvers, style terrain, as well as stance. It was basically at some point in this time that changes were done to the apparatus in order to make them easier to use or handle. By the year of 1959 the very 1st Roller Derby Skateboard was put up in stores. Basically, it was the surfers who first thought of the idea that surfing could be done on streets (Cave, 2007). Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã As was already mentioned, the 1st skateboard was manufactured by the year of 1950 and it happened during the surfing or riding in wave was in vogue in California. The very first skateboards were made at home and built on even wooden boards fastened to roller skate trucks and wheels, skateboarding were initially named Ã¢â¬Å"sidewalk surfingÃ¢â¬ and the very first skaters imitated some methods and moves from surfers. It is even argued if skateboards really developed from Ã¢â¬Å"crate scootersÃ¢â¬ , which in turn came before skateboards did and they were basically the same saved that they have a crate made of wood fastened to the front, which made up elementary handlebars (Cave, 2007). Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The entrance of the year 1960 paved way to skateboarding going on mainstream. There are also those surfing companies like Hobie and Makaha who began manufacturing skateboards which looks a lot like minute surfboards and accumulating groups to endorse their manufactured goods. The fame of skateboarding at this point in time generated a national magazine which is called a Ã¢â¬Å"Skateboarder Magazine and the 1965 international championships were publicized on national televisions, the development of skateboarding during this times could also be observed in MakahaÃ¢â¬â¢s sales records which stated $4, 000, 000 worth of skateboard were sold from the year of 1963 up to 1965. It was also in the year of 1963 that skateboard was at the highest peak of its fame and thus Makaha, among other companies commenced in giving off tournaments on skateboarding. During this year skateboarding are usually done, downhill, salom or freestyle and skateboarders such as Torger Johnson, Woody Woodward and Dany Berer became famous on the sport however, one should take note of the fact that skateboarding is very different from what it is today and thus one should not expect them to be doing things skaters of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s times are doing. During those times Ã¢â¬Å"freestyleÃ¢â¬ their favorite style in skateboarding seems as though they are doing some ballet or they are ice skating, not exactly the same as it looks like today. However, by the year of 1966 sales had not been as good as before and it plunged down considerably. It was also about this time when Skateboarder Magazine had ended their publications, and hence skateboardingÃ¢â¬â¢s fame plunged down and continued to remain low until the coming of the year, 1970 (OldSchoolSkateboarding, 2007). Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The early 1960s is the time when companies like Makaha and HobieÃ¢â¬â¢s started to mass produce the very first and genuine surfing enthused skateboards. A number of the first advocates of surf-style skateboarding are Bill and Mark Richards, Danu Bearer, and so on. Skateboarding became very trendy in an instant and manufacturing companies have had to work hard in order to sustain the demands of the customers. More than 50, 000, 000 skateboards were bought within the span of three years. The very first contests on skateboarding took place on Hermosa Beach, California in the year of 1i963. It was in 1965 that a swing supposedly safety specialists asserted that skateboarding is not safe, forcing the stores to stop selling skateboards, and parents to stop buying them. The skateboarding trend died immediately in the same way it had been an instant fad before (OldSchoolSkateboarding, 2007). Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã At the early years of 1970, Frank Nasworthy began to make skateboard wheels from polyurethane. NasworthyÃ¢â¬â¢s invention looks closer to what skateboarders use nowadays.Ã The development in footing and execution was so great that the reputation of skateboarding began to increase quickly once more. Companies began to spend more in product advancement. A large number of companies began to produce trucks principally intended for skateboarding. As the gear develops and began to be more maneuverable or easier to handle, the decks began to get broader which provides the skateboarders even more room to maneuver NasworthyÃ¢â¬â¢s company was called Cadillac wheels and his inventions caught the interest of surfers among other people which is another development on skateboarding. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Skateboards made up by polypropylene were called banana board; these boards are thin, supple, with beams on the underside for structural foundation and they are also very famous until the mid-70s. These skateboards are available in many colors; however yellow is the most famous of them all, hence the term banana boards. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In the year of 1975, skateboarding unexpectedly received an evolutionary improvement and it is almost similar to what skateboards and skateboarders do and look like nowadays. In Del Mar wherein a salom and freestyle competition was held , the Zephyr team amazed the world to the things skaters and their skateboards could do and it was the start of whence the sport was treated seriously and not just as a mere past time. Tony Alva, Jay Adams, and Tony Peralta were the three most well-known and celebrated skateboarders at that time and all of them are members of the Zephyr. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã By the year of 1978 skateboarder, Alan Ã¢â¬Å"OllieÃ¢â¬ Gelfand made a noteworthy invention which gave skateboarding another boost. The Ollie is a technique wherein one would slam oneÃ¢â¬â¢s back foot on the tail of the skateboard and then the skater would be seen boarding the air. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Producers began to experimenting with more interesting combinations such as fiberglass and aluminum; however, the typical skateboards were structured with maple plywood. The skateboarders made use of the better handling of their boards and they commenced on creating and discovering new tricks with their skateboards. Skateboarders, especially the Z-boys, commenced in skating the vertical walls of swimming pools and this began the vertical trend in the said sport. With amplified improved control vertical skaters could skate faster and execute more risky tricks like slash grinds and the like. This founded liability apprehensions and intensified insurance charges to skatepark owners. During this period, the Ã¢â¬Å"freestyleÃ¢â¬ movement in skateboarding started it could be distinguished by the growth of a broad variety of flat-ground tricks. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Skateparks progressively had to debate against high-liability expenses which led to many parks closing down. Vertical skaters thus, began to make their own access ramps and freestylers are no longer in need for skate parks. Therefore, by early 1980s skateboardings popularity diminished once more (YourLeisurelyTime, 2006). Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã It was by the year of 1980s that the VCR suddenly materialized into the picture and they paved way to kids all over the world who wants to skate. Stacey Peralta along with George Powell made a team of gifted skateboarders and called them the Bones Brigade, it was also Stacey who made skateboarding videos which he called Ã¢â¬Å"The Bones Brigade VideosÃ¢â¬ . Their team includes Steve Caballero, Tony Hawk, along with other famous skaters, most of which one could see in Ã¢â¬Å"FreestyleÃ¢â¬ (a playstation game), and it was by this time that skaters began to be famous and made their own clothing styles which others tries to imitate even up to this point in time. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The 3rd generation of skateboards which is by the early 1980s up to early 1990s was stimulated by skateboard manufacturers which were managed by skateboarders. The main concentration was originally on vertical ramps skateboarding. The creation of the no-hands aerial by Allan Gelfand in the year of 1976 made it feasible for skateboarders to execute airs off of vert ramps. Whereas this wave of skateboarding was generated by commercialized vertical ramps skating, a great number of individuals who skateboarded during these times do not use or ride vertical ramps. Since majority of this individuals do not have the financial means to construct vertical ramps or they do not have access towards the ramps in the vicinity, street skating obtained a great deal of popularity. Freestyle skating continued to be popular all throughout this time with founders like Rodney Mullen formulating the fundamentals of contemporary street skating. The effects thiese freestylers had on street skating became pretty much obvious by the middle of 1980s. However, skateboarding progressed rapidly in the late 80s to adapt with the street skaters. Because only a small number of skate parks are accessible to skaters during this period, street skating urged skaters to search for shopping centers as well as public and private property they could call their place on which they could skate. The public resistances as well as dangers of bringing matters to court compelled businesses and property holders alike, to prohibit skating on their properties. By the year of 1992 just a small number of skateboarders continued to be a specialized adaptation of street skating, merged with the deterioration of vertical skating, generated a sport that is lacking of the mainstream allure to draw new skateboarders (DiMartino, 2007). Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The 4th as well as the present generation of skateboards is dominated mainly of street skating. Typical boards are approximately 71/4 up to 8Ã¢â¬ wide and 30-32Ã¢â¬ long. .Tthe wheels are composed of exceptionally hard polyurethane, durometer, also, very high durometers provides the advantage of lessened hindrance on hard areas which produces in an general a speedier ride. The sizes of the wheels are comparatively minute so that the boards are does not weigh much in comparison to the wheels of the 80s. Most decks are still made up from Canadian Maple, with 7 plys being the manufacturing average for depth and sturdiness. Skateboards designs have been altered noticeably since the year of 1970. However it is still the same since the middle years of the 90s. The modern form of the skateboard is obtained from the freestyle boards of the 1980s with a mostly symmetrical figure and moderately slim width. It was by the year of 1990s that ramps or vertical skateboarding popularity started to dwindle. However, it was also in the 1990s when Mike Vallely and Natas Kaupas came into the picture and started boosting street skateboarding and it was basically this reason why they are highly responsible for skateboarding rising in fame again. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Basically, skateboarding is very similar to surfing from which it is known to have originated. The vertical ramps used by skateboarders could be seen to be almost the same as the vertical waves surfers have had to ride when they are doing the sport. Ollie, as well as the other techniques is also similar in skateboarding and surfing. The people who find fascination in the two sports were all diverse and drawn up to the said sports because of sheer exhilaration and feeling of adventure. Both sports are very risky or dangerous and it is primarily the reason why there are those devil may care individuals who finds themselves irresistibly drawn to the sport. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The present sequence of skateboarding as well as surfing has been stimulated by many things as well as new companies, more wide-ranging and tricky terrains, a daredevil attitude, and most significantly by a new generation of youngsters who have found out the excitement of feeling of rolling along boards, may it be surfing boards or skateboards. A number of people who apply heavy pressure on the said sports are former pros who have started their own companies. The Ollie has come about into its own as the basis for eighty percent of street tricks and also about sixty percent of vertical tricks, which as had mentioned earlier is almost the same to that of surfers riding vertical waves, on which their main concentrations were on more technical and superior tricks. Also, Ã¢â¬Å"improvement in skateboarding like all sports takes countless hours of physical practiceÃ¢â¬ (Werner and Badillo, p 15). Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Skateboarding regained more popularity in 1995, mainly because of the exposure it has had from ESPNÃ¢â¬â¢s 1st Extreme Games in Rhode Island which served to bring skateboarding, which like surfing is categorized as a rebel and dangerous sport, maybe because of the perils and hazards and intermittent illegality of the enterprise,Ã closer to the majority of people. In the year of 1996, the extreme Games took place, once more on Rhode Island, once again rendering the sport into another exposure to millions of individuals (DiMartino, 2007). Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The influence of media exposure towards the sport has made it a spectator sport instead of the underground sport it had been for the last decades. It has caused an invasion of companies which provided the sports a great sum of money for advertising, which had until that time disregarded skateboarding, as a means for promotional reasons. Advertisers and promoters have seen that skateboarding developed into a major sport on which they could have access to their preferred demographics, young males. Skateboarders and surfers alike have been in constant existence in campaigns for manufactured goods starting from soft drinks up to other kind of junk foods, sweet delicacies and even phone corporations. Therefore, majority of the phenomenon in skateboarding and surfing in present time came not from the skateboarders or surfers themselves; rather they came from companyÃ¢â¬â¢s supports as well as from the media exposures ([emailprotected], 2007). The main concentration of the skateboarding continues to be on street skating, as is evident allover the editorials and publicity sides of the chief skateboarding magazines, wherein street skating pictures still dominates majority of the pages. On the other hand, vertical skating is about to return in the picture, owing in some ways to the great number of new skate parks being constructed all over the place. The said skate parks have also amplified the skating areas in numerous settlements. These numerous and assorted ramps, pipes as well as bowls offered at the said parks have paved way to a modification in gears. These technological alterations put on the skateboard products have better or enhanced skateboarding progressively in the course of the last two decades, and whereas in the early 90Ã¢â¬â¢s small boards and tiny wheels reigned all over the place, in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s time there is a broad variety of skateboards and wheels which could be seen in use by many skateboarders. Wheel diameters are bigger, deck breadth continually develops, and long boards are advancing in fame particularly in beach communities (in the same manner that surfing is very popular in surfing communities) and amongst those that just desires to make use of their boards as a vehicle or some kind of a means for transport. Downhill skateboarding is also being revived for the past few years partly because of the visibility of the street sled (YourLeisurelyTime, 2006). Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Among the leading fads at work is amongst soft goods. In the past few years, clothing trends have steadily mirrored the alterations wrought by those who people who skates, (Avril Lavigne for one used to wear what other labels as punk or skaters apparels. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Today a pro can make anywhere from $1000 to $10,000 a month,Ã¢â¬ stated Danielle Bostick of World Cup Skateboarding and the X Games. These salaries are depends mainly on winnings of the professional skater. This is also one of the pulls why skating had been such a fad even up to this point in time (surfers are also drawn by the amount of earnings one could obtain depending on the wins he would bring his team). Most skateboarders who are sponsored by companies also earns good money provided that they meet up with these companies expectations and they carry the name of the company as some kind of an advertisement. This is a substantial transformation from the past when professional skaters need to work in other jobs in order to earn their money for skating (The Concrete Wave, 2007). Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Skateboarding could be enjoyed by anyone (even by people two years of age) however the bulk of professional skaters vary from early teenagers up to individuals who are in their twenties. Majority of skaters do not train in any customary meaning one could denote from the word, in fact they do not even worry about their diets. Skaters like surfers simply do what they like to do best, skating. In fact, skateboarding is a lot of fun and it is largely the reason why we often see people of different nationalities, ages, or groups loitering around on their skateboards. Basically, the same thing could be said with surfers. Try going on a beach and there you could also see different people of all age surfing with the waves. Both sports are enjoyable and both are not picky when it comes to performing them. Works Cited Books, Carlton, and Skin Phillips. Skateboard Ramp: History. Carlton Books; 1 edition, 2002. Brooke, Michael. The Concrete Wave: The History of Skateboarding Warwick House Publishing, 1999. Cave, Steve. Ã¢â¬Å"A Brief History of Skateboarding.Ã¢â¬ 2007. OldSchoolSkateBoarding, Ã¢â¬Å"Interview with Makaha Skateboards founder Larry StevensonÃ¢â¬ 2007. Werner, Doug, and Steve Badillo. Skateboarding New Levels: Tips and Tricks for Serious Riders Tracks Publishing 2002. Ã YourLeisureTime, Ã¢â¬Å"Skateboards: Skateboarding, Skate Parks.Ã¢â¬ 2006.